Recently, the Ministry of Corporate Affairs fixed a critical vulnerability of exposing personal details i.e., Personally Identifiable Information in its online portal.

About Personally Identifiable Information (PII):

  • PII encompasses data held by various organizations that can potentially identify a specific individual.
  • It could include information such as Aadhaar, PAN, voter identity, passport details, date of birth, contact numbers, communication addresses, and biometric information.
  • It specifically refers to information linking to an individual.

Various types of PII:

  • Direct Identifiers: Include passport, driver’s license numbers, etc.
  • Indirect Identifiers: Include more general personal details such as race, birthplace, etc.


  • The country ranked fourth globally in malware detection in the first half of 2023, with nearly 45% of Indian businesses experiencing a substantial increase in disruptive cyberattacks in 2022.
  • Moreover, around 67% of Indian government and essential services organizations faced a 50% surge in disruptive cyberattacks.

Measures to safeguard PII: Adherence to various laws:

  • Compliance with the Information Technology (IT) Act 2000;
  • Digital Personal Data Protection Law (individual consent for data usage; data principal rights);
  • International Privacy Regulations in Data Protection Strategy.
  • Best practices for web applications and browser security, email security, wireless security, USB security, and protection against phishing attacks are crucial.

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