Carambolim Lake in North Goa is attracting large flocks of migratory waterfowl every winter.

Carambolim Lake:

  • It is an artificial water storage tank initially created during the Kadamba dynasty for irrigating paddy fields.
  • The lake lies between the estuarine zone of the Mandovi and Zuari rivers.
  • Vegetation: It included vegetations such as Nymphea stellata, a rooted plant with floating leaves, Oryza rufipogon, an emergent wild paddy, and submerged Hydrilla verticillata.
  • Fauna: It is a home of various residential and migratory birds, such as white-breasted water hens, cattle egrets, pink flamingos, cotton pygmy geese, open-billed storks, marsh harriers etc.
  • AVIFAUNA: Carambolim lake attracts thousands of birds, especially waterfowl. The dry fields near Carambolim are commonly known for raptors. 
  •  It has one Restricted Range species of Western Ghats, Malabar Parakeet Psittacula columboides, and one Biome-10 species of Indian Peninsula Tropical Moist Forest (Blue-faced Malkoha Phaenicophaeus viridirostris), it is selected as an IBA based on A4i and A4iii criteria.

Important Bird Area (IBA) Criteria: 

A4iAt least 1% of a congregatory waterbird species’ biogeographic population.
A4ii1% or more of the global population of a congregatory terrestrial or marine bird species.
A4iiiHost at least 20,000 waterbirds, or at least 10,000 pairs of seabirds.
A4ivConsidered bottlenecks for migratory species, with numbers exceeding established boundaries.

Other important lakes in Goa:  Mayem, Netravali and Kesarval

World Heritage sites of Goa: 

  • Bom Jesus Basilica
  • Churches and convents of Old Goa

Important Tribes in Goa: 

  • ubla, Gawda, Kunbi, Naikda, Siddi, Varli, Velip. 

Wildlife Sanctuaries in Goa:

  • Bondla wildlife Sanctuaries
  • Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary. 
  • Netravali Wildlife Sanctuary. 
  • Cotigao Wildlife Sanctuary. 
  • Mhadei Wildlife Sanctuary. 
  • Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary. 

National Park In Goa

  • Mollem National Park.
  • Anshi National Park. 

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Exercise Vayu Shakti-24