The Supreme Court has recently directed that a minimum of one-third of seats in the executive committee of the Supreme Court Bar Association (SCBA) must be reserved for women.

More on the News 

  • The directive includes reserving one-third of committee seats for female members, including the Treasurer position. 
  • However, all eligible female members can contest for any position. 

The court specified the criteria for reservation:

  • A minimum of 3 out of 9 seats (one-third) in the Executive Committee.
  • At least 2 out of 6 seats among the Senior Executive Members.
  • One Office Bearer post must be exclusively reserved for a female candidate on a rotational basis.
  • For the upcoming 2024-2025 election, the Treasurer post on the Executive Committee is reserved for a female candidate. 

Women in the Legal Profession

Current Situation:

  • Presently, only 3 out of 33 Supreme Court judges are women, making up just around 9% of the total.
  • According to 2022 data provided by the Law Ministry Only 15 percent of lawyers in India are women

Historical Context:

  • Among the total 268 judges in the Supreme Court’s history, only 11 have been women. 
  • In other words, only 4.1% of all Supreme Court judges have been women, while the remaining 96% are men. 
  • Women are more represented at the district court level compared to the High Court.

Recent Progress:

  • In 2021, three women were appointed as Supreme Court judges simultaneously.
  • This year, 20% of newly designated senior advocates were women, a notable increase.
  • Justice Nagarathna is expected to become India’s first female Chief Justice in 2027.

Significance of the Guideline

  • It’s a step forward in promoting gender equality and inclusivity within the legal profession. 
  • Through advocating for women’s representation and empowerment, the judiciary paves the way for a more equitable and just society. 

About Supreme Court Bar Association (SCBA)

  • Registered under the Societies Registration Act XXI of 1860, it aims to promote unity and collaboration among practising advocates in the court and other legal associations.
  • Every advocate entitled to practice law is eligible for membership in the Association, subject to the rules. 
  • Applicants deemed suitable are initially granted temporary membership for two years, after which they may apply for regular membership. 
  • The Executive Committee, responsible for managing the association’s affairs, consists of positions including President, Vice-President, Secretary, and 15 Members, with at least 6 holding the designation of Senior Advocates. 


The Supreme Court’s directive marks a significant. This move enhances diversity within the legal community and reinforces the commitment to fostering a fair and inclusive environment for all practitioners.

Also Read :

‘Run for Sun’ Marathon