Current context: 

Sammakka-Sarakka Medaram Jathara ,a tribal festival is going to start from 21st February.

 About Current context: 

  • it is a largest tribal festival of honouring the goddesses celebrated in the southern state of Telangana.

What is Sammakka-Sarakka Medaram Jathara?

  • The Sammakka-Sarakka Medaram Jathara is a colorful and culturally rich celebration celebrated in Telangana, India. 
  • It is celebrated by the Koya indigenous people for four days. 

Historical Context

  • Mother-Daughter Saga: The festival commemorates the bravery and resilience of Sammakka and Saralamma, a mother-daughter duo who fought against oppressive rulers during a 12th-century drought.
  • Unjust Law: During a challenging period, Kakatiya rulers imposed heavy taxes on the tribal community, leading Sammakka and Saralamma to resist and become symbols of resistance..
  • Festival Details
  • Alternate Names: The festival is also known as Medaram Jatara or Sammakka Saralamma Jatara.
  • Location: The Jathara commences at Medaram, a remote village in the Eturnagaram Wildlife Sanctuary, a part of the extensive Dandakaranya forest belt in Warangal district.
  • Frequency: The festival is celebrated annually on the full moon day in February, typically during the month of Magha.

Rituals and Offerings:

  • Devotees offer bangaram (jaggery) equal to their weight to the goddesses.
  • A holy bath is taken in the Jampanna Vagu, a tributary to the river Godavari.
  • State Festival: In 1996, the Andhra Pradesh government declared Medaram Jathara a state festival due to its cultural and historical significance.

The Koya Tribe

  • The Koya tribe, the largest Scheduled Tribe in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh, is the largest Adivasi tribe.

Habitat and Livelihood:

  • The Koyas mainly practice settled cultivation, growing crops like jowar, ragi, and bajra.
  • The Godavari and Sabari rivers significantly influence their economic, social, and cultural life.


  • Many Koyas have adopted Telugu as their mother tongue, but some still speak the Koya dialect.

Koya Deities and Festivals

  • Lord Bhima, Korra Rajulu, Mamili, Potaraju are significant deities.
  • Main festivals: Vijji Pandum and Kondala Kolupu.
  • Permakok ata, a colorful dance, performed during festivals and marriages.


Sammakka-Sarakka Medaram Jathara, a religious event, honors the legacy of Sammakka and Saralamma, highlighting the resilience and cultural heritage of Telangana’s tribal population.

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