Current context:

 Researchers at Berhampur University have discovered a new species of marine amphipod, a shrimp-like crustaceafrom Chilika Lake, India’s largest brackish water lagoon.

About current context:

  • Parhyale odian is brown in colour and around eight millimetres in length; it has 13 pairs of legs.
  • The genus Parhyale was first reported by Stebbing in 1899 from the Virgin Islands.
  • A new species, named after Odisha’s native language, Odia, and is one of four researchers involved in its discovery.

About Parhyale odian:

  • The Parhyale odian, a brown, eight-millimeter-long bird with 13 legs, is primarily used for capturing prey and feeding.
  • The new species, distinct from the 15 globally recognized species, exhibits a stout, robust seta on the male gnathopod’s propodus surface.
  • Specimens have been deposited at the Zoological Survey of India’s Estuarine Biology Regional Centre in Gopalpur-On-Sea, Odisha, for further research.

About Amphipods:

  • Amphipods are a diverse group of malacostracan crustaceans, exhibiting similarities with crabs, lobsters, and shrimp.
  • Amphipods are a crucial component of the marine ecosystem and play a vital role in the marine food chain.
  • They also serve as indicators for studying the impact of climate change and health of coastal ecosystems.
  • Researchers in 2023 discovered three new marine amphipods: Quadrivisio chilikensis, Demaorchestia alanensis in Chilika Lake, and Talorchestia buensis on the West Bengal coast.

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