Recently, tribal communities in Odisha have had new opportunities to supplement their income through aromatic crops such as Lemongrass

About Lemongrass:

Botanical Information:

  • Lemongrass, scientifically known as Cymbopogon, is a genus of about 55 species of grasses.
  • The most common type used for culinary and medicinal purposes is Cymbopogon citratus.


  • Lemongrass is cultivated in various parts of Indian states like Kerala, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, and West Bengal are known for lemongrass cultivation.
  • Lemongrass is native to tropical regions in Asia, particularly found in countries like India, Sri Lanka, and Thailand.

Climate and Soil Requirements:

  • Lemongrass thrives in tropical and subtropical climates. It is concentrated in regions with the appropriate agro-climatic conditions like warm, humid conditions, full sunlight, and plenty of moisture.
  • It prefers well-drained, sandy, or loamy soil.


  • Culinary: Lemongrass is used to add a distinct citrus flavor to various dishes, especially in Southeast Asian cuisine.


  • It is known for its medicinal properties, such as being a natural remedy for digestive issues, insomnia, and stress. 
  • In India, lemongrass has been used in traditional medicine, including Ayurveda, for its therapeutic properties.
  • Renowned for quality, Indian lemongrass oil is widely used in aromatherapy and perfumery.
  • It is believed to have anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and antifungal properties.

Essential Oil: Lemongrass oil is extracted for its aromatic properties and is used in perfumes, soaps, mosquito repellent, and candles.


  • India leads global lemongrass production, exporting 80% of its yield.
  • Major markets for lemongrass essential oil include West Europe, the U.S.A., and Japan.
  • Lemongrass cultivation significantly boosts India’s economy and foreign exchange earnings.

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