Two baby girls at Coimbatore Medical College and Hospital (CMCH) were recently diagnosed with Kawasaki disease.

About Kawasaki Disease 

  • A rare but serious illness affecting young children(under 5 years old).
  • Characterized by high fever and inflammation of blood vessels throughout the body.
  • Can lead to serious complications, especially heart problems, if not treated promptly.
  • Tomisaku Kawasaki first described the disease in Japan in 1967, and the initial cases outside Japan were reported in Hawaii in 1976

Symptoms: In the first Phase:

  • High fever: Usually lasting for more than 5 days and not responding to usual medications.
  • Rash: Red, bumpy rash on the torso, often spreading to other areas.
  • Swollen lymph nodes: Especially in the neck, typically on one side.
  • Red and cracked lips: May appear dry and chapped.
  • Red, swollen hands and feet: May appear reddish on the palms and soles, and fingertips may peel later.
  • The second phase usually begin about two weeks after the fever starts. Symptoms can include: peeling skin on the hands and feet, joint pain, diarrhea, vomiting and belly pain.


  • The exact cause of Kawasaki disease remains unknown.
  • It’s likely a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
  • Viruses may play a role, but no specific virus has been identified.


  • Heart problems: The most serious complication, potentially affecting the coronary arteries (supplying blood to the heart). This can lead to aneurysms (bulges in the artery walls) and other heart issues.
  • Other complications may include inflammation of other organs like the kidneys, liver, and gallbladder.


  • Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial to prevent complications.
  • Treatment typically involves medications like intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) to reduce inflammation and aspirin to control fever and inflammation.
  • In some cases, additional medications or procedures may be needed.

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