India has announced investment opportunities worth over $500 billion in the clean energy value chain including renewables, green hydrogen and EVs by 2030.

More on the News

  • This announcement was made by the Commerce Secretary during the Indo-Pacific Economic Framework for Prosperity (IPEF) Clean Economy Investor Forum held in Singapore.
  • The objective of the forum was to mobilize investments into sustainable infrastructure, climate technology, and renewable energy projects across the Indo-Pacific region.
  • In the Sustainable Infrastructure track, four Indian companies, ReNew Power, Avaada Energy, Indusbridge Capital Advisors, and Powerica, were shortlisted to pitch their concepts on energy transition, transport and logistics, and waste management to global investors.
  • Further, in the ClimateTech track, 10 Indian start-ups and companies were selected to pitch their innovative ideas, technologies and solutions that contribute to mitigating or adapting to climate change.

Key Areas of Investment

  • Renewable Energy: India aims to significantly increase its installed capacity of renewable energy sources like solar, wind, and hydropower. 
  • Green Hydrogen: Green hydrogen, produced using renewable energy sources, is a promising alternative fuel for transportation and industrial processes. This sector is expected to witness significant growth, attracting investments in production, storage, and distribution technologies.
  • Electric Vehicles (EVs): India is transitioning towards electric mobility to reduce dependence on fossil fuels and curb air pollution. 
  • Energy Efficiency: Investments in energy-efficient technologies for buildings, appliances, and industrial processes will contribute to reducing overall energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions.


  • Energy Security: India’s dependence on imported fossil fuels poses a strategic challenge. Clean energy investments will strengthen energy security by diversifying the energy mix and reducing reliance on foreign energy sources.
  • Climate Change Mitigation: India, a major contributor to global greenhouse gas emissions, needs to adopt sustainable energy practices. Investments in clean energy will help India meet its climate change commitments under the Paris Agreement.
  • Economic Growth: The clean energy sector has the potential to create new jobs, boost manufacturing, and drive economic growth. 
  • International Cooperation: The IPEEF forum underlines India’s willingness to collaborate with international partners in developing clean energy technologies and infrastructure. 

Challenges and the Road Ahead

  • Financing: Mobilizing such a massive amount of capital requires innovative financing mechanisms and attracting foreign investment.
  • Infrastructure Development: Expanding clean energy infrastructure, especially for grid integration and transmission of renewable energy, requires substantial investment.
  • Policy and Regulation: Continuously developing clear and stable policies, along with streamlining the regulatory framework, will ensure a conducive environment for clean energy investment.

Indo-Pacific Economic Framework for Prosperity (IPEF)

  • The IPEF, is an economic initiative launched by the United States in May 2022. It seeks to strengthen economic ties and cooperation between the United States and partner countries in the Indo-Pacific region, with the goal of advancing growth, economic stability and prosperity in the region.
  • IPEF has 14 founding member nations – Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Fiji, India, Indonesia, Japan, Republic of Korea (South Korea), Malaysia, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, and the United States. 
  • These countries represent 40% of the world’s economic output and 28% of global trade. The framework is divided into four pillars.

Pillars of IPEF:

IPEF is not a traditional free trade agreement but focuses on collaborative efforts in four key areas (pillars). The IPEF is designed to be flexible, meaning that IPEF partners are not required to join all four pillars.

1. Trade: This pillar aims to establish common ground on trade facilitation measures, such as streamlining customs procedures and standards. (India has opted out of this pillar)

2. Supply Chain Resilience: This focuses on strengthening supply chain resilience in the region, promoting diversification and cooperation on critical materials.

3. Clean Economy: This pillar encourages collaboration on clean energy technologies, infrastructure development, and decarbonization efforts.

4. Fair Economy: This emphasizes anti-corruption measures, promoting good governance, and ensuring fair competition and a level playing field for businesses.

Also Read

Global debt crisis