Recently, the 12th Joint Working Group (JWG) meeting between the Defence Ministries of India and Mongolia was held in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia on May 16-17, 2024.

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  • Both countries exchanged views on the current geopolitical situation in (JWG) meeting.
  • The Joint Secretary highlighted the potential of the capacity & capability of the Indian defence industry and looked forward to a fruitful partnership with the Armed Forces of Mongolia.
  • The meeting was co-chaired by the Joint Secretary, Ministry of Defence, and State Secretary of the Ministry of Defence, Mongolia.

India-Mongolia relations 

  • For most Mongolians, India is a “spiritual neighbour”, a declared ‘third neighbour’, a ‘strategic partner’ and a center for pilgrimage.
  • The 3 Ds Democracy, Dharma and Development Partnership have emerged as the pillars of the India-Mongolia relationship.
  • The values of democracy, freedom, and market economy further strengthen their bond in modern times.

Diplomatic relations

  • India established diplomatic relations with Mongolia in December 1955 and in January 1956, we had the first Mongolian Ambassador in New Delhi.
  • The Indian resident Mission in Ulaanbaatar (the Capital of Mongolia) was opened in February 1971.
  • In 1994, both nations signed the Treaty of Friendly Relations and Cooperation, further solidifying their relationship.
  • In 2015, the ties were upgraded to a strategic partnership, with defence being an essential element of bilateral engagement.

Energy cooperation

  • India-funded greenfield oil refinery project in South Gobi desert aims to reduce Mongolia’s reliance on Russian oil imports. It will be operational by 2026
  • These refineries are often constructed from scratch on previously undeveloped land, thus they are termed “Greenfield”.
  • The proposed refinery is funded by India’s Exim Bank.
  • Central Electronics Ltd. Of India carried out the first solar energy electrification project in Mongolia, which was formally opened in April 2006 in Dadal Soum. 

Defence cooperation

  • India-Mongolia jointly conducts the ‘Nomadic Elephant’ exercise annually. It was first held in 2004.
  • Indian Armed Forces Observers regularly participate in the Annual multilateral peacekeeping exercise ‘Khan Quest’ held in Mongolia.

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