The Ministry of Culture organised a special ceremony at Shahjahanpur, Uttar Pradesh to mark the 127th birth anniversary of Shaheed Ram Prasad Bismil.

About Pt. Ram Prasad Bismil 

  • He was born on 11th June 1897 in Shahjahanpur and was amongst the most notable Indian revolutionaries who fought against British colonialism. 
  • He was associated with the Arya Samaj from a young age.

Major contribution

  • He founded the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA- later renamed as Hindustan Socialist Republican Association) with Ashfaqullah Khan and Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee as founding members.
  • He participated in the Manipuri conspiracy of 1918. Bismil along with Genda Lal Dixit, organised youth to strengthen their organisations, ‘Matrivedi’ and ‘Shivaji Samiti’
  • He participated in the Kakori conspiracy of 1925 with Ashfaq Ullah Khan and Roshan Singh to protest against British Rule.
  • He was martyred at Gorakhpur Jail on 19th December 1927 just aged 30, for his role in the Kakori conspiracy.

Bismil’s Philosophy

  • His ideals of freedom struggle stood in contrast to that of Mahatma Gandhi. He would reportedly say “Independence would not be achieved by means of non-violence”.

His Major Works 

  • He penned patriotic verses in Hindi and Urdu under pen names like ‘Agyat’, ‘Ram’, and the one that is most known – ‘Bismil’ (meaning ‘wounded’, ‘restless’).
  • He wrote his first poem ‘Mera Janm’ at the age of 18 to express his anger over the death sentence given to Arya Samaj missionary Bhai Parmanand.  
  • He published a pamphlet titled ‘Deshwasiyon ke Naam’ and distributed it along with his poem ‘Mainpuri ki Pratigya’ in 1918 to collect funds for the organisations.
  • In Lucknow Central Jail, Bismil wrote his autobiography, considered one of the finest works in Hindi literature, and also the cult song “Mera rang de Basanti Chola”.
  • He also wrote ‘Sarfaroshi Ki Tamanna’ which became the anthem for freedom fighters.

Also Read:

Particulate Matter (PM 2.5): A silent killer