Melanochlamys Draupadi a new head shield sea slug species named by Zoological Survey of India.

About  Zoological Survey of India (ZSI)

  • It was established in 1916 to promote survey, exploration and research leading to the advancement in our knowledge.
  • Its headquarters is located in Kolkata.
  • Scientists in ZSI are engaged in exploring, naming, describing, classifying and documenting animals from all over India.

More on News

  • The new species has been named after the President of India Droupadi Murmu.
  • This species belonging to the Melanochlamys genus was discovered at the West Bengal coast and Odisha coast.
  • This new species of head-shield sea slug is endemic to India.

Head Shield Sea Slug

  • It is a small invertebrate with a maximum length of up to 7 mm.
  • This species is Brownish black in colour with a ruby red spot.
  • Their reproduction period is around between November and January.
  • This is the second species of head-shield sea slug found in India.
  • The sea slugs are rapid hunters and feed upon mobile prey such as other shelled and unshelled sea slugs, roundworms, marine worms and small fishes.


  • These specimens inhabits in wet, soft and sandy beaches.

Some Important Facts of Sea Slug

  • All sea slugs contain both male and female organs (hermaphroditic).
  • Males of this species have reproductive systems in their heads while females have in there tails.
  • These species are predominantly found in temperate regions of the Indo-Pacific Ocean.

Also Read :

A new Airstrip and jetty Inaugurated on the Agalega Islands